Internet Providers in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart

Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart
There are 51 different providers available to and being tested by people living in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart. Typical internet speeds vary from 14.14 to 71.17 Mbps, and the highest speed we've seen is 930.75 Mbps from Deutsche Telekom. Other fast providers include Liberty Global with 927.64 Mbps, Globalways with 927.04 Mbps, and ropa carrier solutions with 898.15 Mbps. Overall, internet speeds in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart are 20.91% better than the Germany national average of 18.17 Mbps. The most common provider in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart is Liberty Global, their typical speeds ranging from 28.23 to 134.98 Mbps.

Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart Over Time

Summary of Internet Service Providers in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart

#Provider NameMax SpeedTypical Speed Range# Cities Served
1Deutsche Telekom930.75 Mbps11.81—53.53 Mbps391
2Vodafone862.84 Mbps6.08—29.4 Mbps307
3Liberty Global927.64 Mbps28.23—134.98 Mbps299
4Telefonica Germany240.38 Mbps11.1—44.84 Mbps186
5NetCom BW834.9 Mbps12.13—30.34 Mbps62
6Plusnet242.65 Mbps3.85—11.24 Mbps49
7Colt676.63 Mbps7.23—35.56 Mbps30
8sdt.net220.27 Mbps12.9—23.47 Mbps27
9imos243.15 Mbps26.72—90.02 Mbps20
10Globalways927.04 Mbps23.6—190.58 Mbps12
11ropa carrier solutions898.15 Mbps19.98—79.12 Mbps12
12TELE AG415.98 Mbps15.73—51.33 Mbps9
13S-IT Informationstechnologie Betreiber387.31 Mbps10.85—51.82 Mbps7
14VSE NET507.6 Mbps12.05—88.08 Mbps6
15Bisping & Bisping134.45 Mbps8.16—36.36 Mbps6
16nexiu91.13 Mbps8.85—38.51 Mbps6
17scanplus231.09 Mbps8.58—36.09 Mbps5
18inexio87.01 Mbps16.39—40.65 Mbps5
19Telia Carrier628.03 Mbps7.28—23.85 Mbps5
20net services520.98 Mbps16.65—52.55 Mbps4
21ecotel communication ag92.54 Mbps11.49—56.28 Mbps4
22MK Netzdienste87.58 Mbps6.58—15.77 Mbps4
23TelemaxX Telekommunikation814.62 Mbps14.73—130.07 Mbps3
24SWU TeleNet86.68 Mbps13.62—36.5 Mbps3
25M-net Telekommunikations135.53 Mbps1.88—23.37 Mbps3
26Dr.-Ing. Nepustil609.57 Mbps68.95—241.19 Mbps2
27teliko409.94 Mbps18.98—90.95 Mbps2
28TeleData103.13 Mbps14.33—99.26 Mbps2
29Stadtwerke Schorndorf196.79 Mbps24.64—61.55 Mbps2
3023media78.38 Mbps33.3—46.92 Mbps2
31BT63.61 Mbps32.72—41.66 Mbps2
32rockenstein AG93.98 Mbps15.04—32.66 Mbps2
33Verizon Business - EMEA124.09 Mbps7.24—9.29 Mbps2
34Cablesurf159.31 Mbps10.91—25.95 Mbps2
35omnidat133.07 Mbps7.64—27.99 Mbps2
36Stiegeler Internet Service67.85 Mbps5.18—22.2 Mbps2
37RSM Freilassing, Michael Rack19.28 Mbps3.92—9.22 Mbps2
38LEW TelNet223.01 Mbps85.44—88.71 Mbps1
39GlobalConnect A/S189.76 Mbps31.72—155.02 Mbps1
40interscholz Internet Services92.01 Mbps40.78—89.89 Mbps1
41Keyweb93.57 Mbps2.34—93.39 Mbps1
42Claranet141.69 Mbps23.32—115.06 Mbps1
43R-KOM208.81 Mbps8.67—42.81 Mbps1
44vitroconnect111.04 Mbps17.43—58.93 Mbps1
45DNS:NET Internet Service115.55 Mbps15.18—38.96 Mbps1
46Profineon216.29 Mbps13.48—31.77 Mbps1
47noris network AG73.42 Mbps0.87—20 Mbps1
48VIA NET.WORKS27.53 Mbps13.29—25.76 Mbps1
49mywire Datentechnik80.75 Mbps6.19—15.5 Mbps1
50HOSTWAY Deutschland0.76 Mbps0—0.37 Mbps1
51AT&T EMEA46.71 Mbps0—0.6 Mbps0

Cities and Provider Speeds in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart

PositionCityMax SpeedTypical Speed Range50%# Providers
1Schwaikheim415.86 Mbps183.8—210.82 Mbps194.78 Mbps5
2Schlat348.16 Mbps147.53—154.96 Mbps149.53 Mbps2
3Erkenbrechtsweiler577 Mbps85.45—151.48 Mbps90.16 Mbps3
4Hedelfingen899.72 Mbps42.65—400.58 Mbps71.69 Mbps1
5Neckartenzlingen423.51 Mbps35.91—404.45 Mbps56.93 Mbps3
6Neckarweihingen900.59 Mbps33.07—254.04 Mbps49.51 Mbps5
7Ludwigsburg906.3 Mbps34.2—164.72 Mbps49.11 Mbps8
8Urbach402.17 Mbps40.74—177.33 Mbps47.85 Mbps4
9Lerchenberg243.15 Mbps30.31—91.77 Mbps46.91 Mbps2
10Lorch840.08 Mbps27.14—364.18 Mbps46.35 Mbps3
11Fellbach910.96 Mbps15.41—158.36 Mbps45.92 Mbps4
12Neckargroningen909.38 Mbps31.03—197.94 Mbps45.67 Mbps6
13Untereisesheim548.64 Mbps29.73—391.62 Mbps44.52 Mbps3
14Neckargartach917.34 Mbps31.44—141.2 Mbps43.91 Mbps4
15Hattenhofen902.68 Mbps29.85—123.34 Mbps43.49 Mbps4
16Neuenstadt am Kocher425.47 Mbps29.98—63.21 Mbps42.08 Mbps4
17Rommelshausen529.38 Mbps17—161.49 Mbps41.96 Mbps5
18Lauffen am Neckar527.14 Mbps33.34—45.64 Mbps41.29 Mbps3
19Sulzgries632.17 Mbps20.83—495.76 Mbps37.7 Mbps6
20Holzmaden805.72 Mbps27.59—105.66 Mbps37.3 Mbps4
21Schlierbach847.89 Mbps26.57—96.85 Mbps36.76 Mbps5
22Unterbruden866.82 Mbps24.49—81.52 Mbps36.46 Mbps4
23Heutingsheim899.77 Mbps28.21—110.48 Mbps36.41 Mbps5
24Heiningen421.92 Mbps24.33—94.62 Mbps36.32 Mbps3
25Eglosheim850.26 Mbps26.25—106.83 Mbps36.07 Mbps6
26Heilbronn917.17 Mbps24.7—99.84 Mbps35.77 Mbps6
27Eislingen844.61 Mbps24.13—131.6 Mbps35.52 Mbps7
28Ossweil902.99 Mbps22.41—125.57 Mbps35.09 Mbps6
29Hildrizhausen491.86 Mbps23.29—84.62 Mbps34.96 Mbps4
30Neckarsulm908.15 Mbps23.07—102.9 Mbps34.66 Mbps6
31Wasseralfingen917.85 Mbps25.92—112.73 Mbps34.6 Mbps5
32Sontheim901.48 Mbps24.68—88.19 Mbps34.33 Mbps5
33Bietigheim-Bissingen925.18 Mbps22.23—95.47 Mbps34.28 Mbps7
34Mogglingen744.66 Mbps23.14—74.97 Mbps34.22 Mbps4
35Asperg854.76 Mbps24.77—105.82 Mbps33.86 Mbps5
36Gingen an der Fils275.19 Mbps22.88—69.73 Mbps33.67 Mbps2
37Heilbronn-Frankenbach898.01 Mbps23.06—94.37 Mbps32.6 Mbps5
38Heubach913.11 Mbps21.79—120.8 Mbps32.49 Mbps5
39Holzgerlingen725.46 Mbps20.3—101.34 Mbps32.24 Mbps4
40Neuenstein411.9 Mbps19.98—90.5 Mbps32.2 Mbps4
41Oberkochen919.39 Mbps24.14—115.71 Mbps31.97 Mbps4
42Pleidelsheim476.46 Mbps28.91—72.1 Mbps31.97 Mbps5
43Salach446.13 Mbps22.25—90.75 Mbps31.72 Mbps5
44Mantelhof881.35 Mbps20.05—89.85 Mbps31.39 Mbps6
45Nordheim264.68 Mbps18.05—61.33 Mbps31.02 Mbps3
46Kuchen422.91 Mbps18.04—76.62 Mbps30.68 Mbps3
47Lehrensteinsfeld919.37 Mbps19.39—88.57 Mbps30.13 Mbps3
48Uhingen414.94 Mbps18.87—83.94 Mbps30.01 Mbps6
49Ottenbach425.91 Mbps20.83—75.7 Mbps29.91 Mbps4
50Hemmingen427.86 Mbps20.2—91.83 Mbps29.85 Mbps4
51Sindelfingen891.93 Mbps20.2—92.47 Mbps29.75 Mbps7
52Zell unter Aichelberg623.22 Mbps20.63—91.94 Mbps29.48 Mbps2
53Neudenau104.49 Mbps19.18—50.84 Mbps29.36 Mbps3
54Lauchheim519.11 Mbps21.05—80.48 Mbps29.27 Mbps3
55Boxberg490.03 Mbps20.74—92.36 Mbps28.91 Mbps4
56Schwieberdingen789.88 Mbps18.85—91.81 Mbps28.79 Mbps4
57Albershausen878.04 Mbps18.75—97.74 Mbps28.45 Mbps3
58Rathaus926.78 Mbps17.85—93.02 Mbps28.36 Mbps8
59Tamm418.22 Mbps19.16—71.57 Mbps28.07 Mbps4
60Notzingen889.86 Mbps20.83—73.65 Mbps28.04 Mbps4
61Backnang632.78 Mbps17.2—75.96 Mbps27.75 Mbps7
62Schwäbisch Gmünd925.39 Mbps18.17—72.5 Mbps27.44 Mbps8
63Rotenberg898.13 Mbps16.94—83.28 Mbps27.43 Mbps6
64Esslingen am Neckar569.51 Mbps18.17—58.19 Mbps27.42 Mbps5
65Weilheim an der Teck557.62 Mbps20.04—77.46 Mbps27.15 Mbps4
66Schwabsberg529.14 Mbps20.15—81.51 Mbps26.63 Mbps4
67Aidlingen881.91 Mbps17.55—77.54 Mbps26.52 Mbps5
68Leutenbach898.15 Mbps18.61—74.15 Mbps26.44 Mbps8
69Kirchheim unter Teck868.11 Mbps18.09—80.09 Mbps26.37 Mbps8
70Weinsberg912.36 Mbps18.55—66.81 Mbps26.3 Mbps5
71Maichingen796.96 Mbps18.19—67.93 Mbps26.27 Mbps6
72Ebersbach an der Fils893.22 Mbps16.07—91.15 Mbps25.79 Mbps4
73Niederstetten864.82 Mbps15.53—62.8 Mbps25.74 Mbps2
74Affaltrach864.25 Mbps17.58—84.71 Mbps25.61 Mbps3
75Leingarten508.49 Mbps18.6—89.07 Mbps25.38 Mbps5
76Essingen851.44 Mbps17.61—81.57 Mbps25.34 Mbps4
77Bad Rappenau447.06 Mbps16.44—54.93 Mbps24.77 Mbps5
78Bad Mergentheim918.99 Mbps17—65.76 Mbps24.62 Mbps5
79Geislingen an der Steige703.99 Mbps15.66—81.7 Mbps24.55 Mbps6
80Nufringen526.11 Mbps16.27—57.21 Mbps24.49 Mbps3
81Oberjettingen766.58 Mbps15.17—58.57 Mbps24.46 Mbps4
82Mutlangen415.15 Mbps16.52—102.44 Mbps24.43 Mbps3
83Winterbach849.84 Mbps16.46—90.63 Mbps24.42 Mbps6
84Wertheim am Main678.68 Mbps15.99—55.76 Mbps24.15 Mbps4
85Steinenbronn257.59 Mbps17.94—60.05 Mbps24.14 Mbps3
86Pluderhausen399.74 Mbps15.25—48.09 Mbps24.07 Mbps4
87Freiberg am Neckar883.38 Mbps14.35—91.83 Mbps23.9 Mbps4
88Brackenheim373.62 Mbps16.04—53.1 Mbps23.82 Mbps4
89Gaildorf832.12 Mbps15.21—94.49 Mbps23.79 Mbps4
90Bockingen817.59 Mbps16.27—82.41 Mbps23.43 Mbps4
91Böblingen876.22 Mbps14.32—83.9 Mbps23.25 Mbps9
92Cannstatt-Mitte239.56 Mbps17.14—56.54 Mbps22.97 Mbps5
93Herbrechtingen899.49 Mbps13.62—92.39 Mbps22.96 Mbps4
94Ingelfingen719.1 Mbps16.37—40.02 Mbps22.92 Mbps3
95Oppelsbohm233.68 Mbps14.48—52.27 Mbps22.89 Mbps4
96Bopser927.04 Mbps14.59—76.62 Mbps22.78 Mbps19
97Gundelsheim257.77 Mbps15.5—57.52 Mbps22.67 Mbps4
98Gemmingen396.35 Mbps14.9—54.58 Mbps22.37 Mbps2
99Obertal297.11 Mbps15.8—51.84 Mbps22.34 Mbps6
100Flein415.91 Mbps14.21—56.76 Mbps22.28 Mbps3
101Ehningen885.54 Mbps13.56—56.03 Mbps21.97 Mbps4
102Dagersheim877.49 Mbps14.1—65.1 Mbps21.65 Mbps8
103Schonaich539.45 Mbps13.75—77.23 Mbps21.65 Mbps5
104Plochingen519.69 Mbps13.54—57.18 Mbps21.5 Mbps4
105Stuttgart-Weilimdorf392.56 Mbps13.39—52.8 Mbps21.4 Mbps6
106Waldau414.68 Mbps13.41—59.16 Mbps21.39 Mbps4
107Kleinsussen421.68 Mbps13.85—33.05 Mbps21.27 Mbps6
108Waldstetten450.08 Mbps12.62—47.57 Mbps21.25 Mbps4
109Weikersheim552.42 Mbps15.68—46.25 Mbps21.09 Mbps2
110Herrenberg603.83 Mbps13.94—56.93 Mbps21.05 Mbps5
111Wetzgau378.75 Mbps18.93—27.14 Mbps21 Mbps6
112Oberesslingen881.59 Mbps12.69—52.08 Mbps20.89 Mbps5
113Ohringen542.26 Mbps13.54—56.78 Mbps20.87 Mbps4
114Leonberg924.32 Mbps12.9—58.25 Mbps20.83 Mbps10
115Beutelsbach480.8 Mbps12.7—89.04 Mbps20.7 Mbps5
116Westhausen417.46 Mbps15.5—47.48 Mbps20.25 Mbps4
117Wustenrot380.82 Mbps12.05—50.71 Mbps20.18 Mbps5
118Murr874.77 Mbps12.72—54.82 Mbps19.78 Mbps5
119Tauberbischofsheim869.72 Mbps12.95—48.67 Mbps19.54 Mbps5
120Pflugfelden869.82 Mbps12.57—59.84 Mbps19.43 Mbps6
121Weil der Stadt426.68 Mbps12.53—50.03 Mbps19.15 Mbps5
122Crailsheim852.63 Mbps13.76—50.79 Mbps19.12 Mbps6
123Nurtingen839.36 Mbps12.75—52.56 Mbps18.96 Mbps9
124Ilshofen879.55 Mbps12.25—52.1 Mbps18.63 Mbps4
125Dischingen228.06 Mbps13.27—52.46 Mbps18.48 Mbps3
126Pfedelbach255.68 Mbps11.62—51.44 Mbps18.42 Mbps4
127Denkendorf570.12 Mbps11.91—55.94 Mbps18.36 Mbps7
128Aichtal253.41 Mbps11.72—49.79 Mbps18.35 Mbps3
129Waldmuhle485.32 Mbps12.34—48.99 Mbps18.16 Mbps6
130Lauda-Konigshofen425.4 Mbps12.33—50.59 Mbps18.14 Mbps5
131Aalen902.54 Mbps13.82—40.65 Mbps18.11 Mbps7
132Besigheim829.48 Mbps11.79—49.82 Mbps17.95 Mbps4
133Rudersberg273.44 Mbps12—49.24 Mbps17.83 Mbps5
134Vaihingen an der Enz638.68 Mbps11.96—50.86 Mbps17.63 Mbps4
135Pliensauvorstadt364.58 Mbps10.91—47.98 Mbps17.29 Mbps6
136Heidenheim831.82 Mbps12.23—49.1 Mbps17.18 Mbps8
137Schmiden535.28 Mbps10.91—48.08 Mbps16.89 Mbps4
138Steinheim am Albuch234.51 Mbps12.31—38.4 Mbps16.84 Mbps4
139Althutte198.87 Mbps11.2—45.75 Mbps16.71 Mbps2
140Untergruppenbach394.37 Mbps11.21—42.22 Mbps16.58 Mbps6
141Mockmuhl258.53 Mbps12.24—47.75 Mbps16.53 Mbps2
142Wolpertshausen211.3 Mbps12.46—46.5 Mbps16.49 Mbps3
143Rutesheim911.35 Mbps10.93—64.97 Mbps16.12 Mbps4
144Eppingen503.72 Mbps10.58—52.6 Mbps15.91 Mbps4
145Ditzingen425.61 Mbps10.39—48.36 Mbps15.85 Mbps6
146Michelbach an der Bilz515.81 Mbps10.79—49.77 Mbps15.03 Mbps2
147Mittelhof834.9 Mbps12.44—30.56 Mbps15.02 Mbps1
148Leinfelden-Echterdingen482.41 Mbps10.24—57.62 Mbps15.01 Mbps10
149Creglingen226.11 Mbps10.93—45.17 Mbps14.9 Mbps2
150Kuenzelsau867.65 Mbps10.61—46.69 Mbps14.85 Mbps6
151Schlatthof448.94 Mbps10.31—47.78 Mbps14.74 Mbps7
152Unterschneidheim198.13 Mbps12.73—32.69 Mbps14.7 Mbps3
153Echterdingen340.76 Mbps10.52—48.56 Mbps14.68 Mbps6
154Wendlingen am Neckar425.48 Mbps9.81—58.11 Mbps14.42 Mbps6
155Kulsheim253.85 Mbps10.01—50.71 Mbps14.29 Mbps2
156Ilsfeld227 Mbps8.81—50.89 Mbps14.17 Mbps3
157Unterbobingen90.86 Mbps11.42—23.1 Mbps14.09 Mbps3
158Unterensingen610.61 Mbps10.17—37.39 Mbps14.07 Mbps4
159Lochgau894.41 Mbps10.09—46.29 Mbps14.01 Mbps4
160Gartringen537.63 Mbps9.24—46.93 Mbps13.96 Mbps5
161Grossbottwar422.51 Mbps9.49—56.88 Mbps13.79 Mbps4
162Filderstadt503.67 Mbps9.83—47.66 Mbps13.64 Mbps8
163Hurben511.52 Mbps9.9—75.88 Mbps13.57 Mbps5
164Oberstenfeld419.22 Mbps9.17—44.38 Mbps13.54 Mbps4
165Gerlingen335.17 Mbps9.38—48.61 Mbps13.54 Mbps5
166Ostfildern900.77 Mbps9.58—41.4 Mbps13.52 Mbps6
167Neuffen213.16 Mbps10.71—37.77 Mbps13.51 Mbps4
168Oberboihingen392.05 Mbps9.11—41.88 Mbps13.42 Mbps5
169Neresheim203.84 Mbps10.39—28.29 Mbps13.38 Mbps5
170Bopfingen259.86 Mbps9.62—38.84 Mbps13.37 Mbps3
171Welzheim419.64 Mbps11.76—46.28 Mbps13.32 Mbps5
172Bretzfeld886.65 Mbps8.79—44.36 Mbps13.2 Mbps4
173Wernau402.47 Mbps11.46—47.1 Mbps12.74 Mbps5
174Abstatt305.33 Mbps8.56—39.27 Mbps12.61 Mbps2
175Gerstetten446.02 Mbps9.32—29.11 Mbps12.52 Mbps4
176Kongen225.89 Mbps9.33—43.51 Mbps12.29 Mbps5
177Kornwestheim916.49 Mbps8.52—44.71 Mbps12.25 Mbps7
178Hofen512.73 Mbps8.53—48.5 Mbps12 Mbps6
179Winnenden841.59 Mbps8.58—44.09 Mbps11.95 Mbps8
180Weil im Schonbuch861.7 Mbps8.18—40.18 Mbps11.93 Mbps5
181Markgroningen481.06 Mbps7.97—43.79 Mbps11.92 Mbps6
182Gschwend420.6 Mbps8.72—26.58 Mbps11.63 Mbps3
183Schorndorf879.91 Mbps8.28—33.35 Mbps11.62 Mbps6
184Stoeckach65.46 Mbps7.62—21.25 Mbps11.6 Mbps2
185Hinterbirkenhof333.74 Mbps8.34—39.49 Mbps11.6 Mbps5
186Gemmrigheim235.72 Mbps7.4—28.33 Mbps11.34 Mbps3
187Stuttgart447.08 Mbps7.45—42.44 Mbps11.31 Mbps8
188Donzdorf845.71 Mbps7.72—35.78 Mbps11.18 Mbps4
189Eberdingen153.25 Mbps7.79—36.39 Mbps10.86 Mbps5
190Buhlerzell533.27 Mbps7.51—40.32 Mbps10.64 Mbps3
191Schwaigern470.92 Mbps7.1—32.58 Mbps10.57 Mbps4
192Renningen811.12 Mbps6.76—46.72 Mbps9.97 Mbps5
193Aspach322.07 Mbps6.88—32.06 Mbps9.82 Mbps7
194Grunbach265.88 Mbps6.29—38.38 Mbps9.76 Mbps4
195Magstadt385.66 Mbps6.72—40.53 Mbps9.72 Mbps4
196Bissingen an der Teck331.24 Mbps6.67—23.24 Mbps9.42 Mbps3
197Frickenhausen265.58 Mbps7.12—20.6 Mbps9.34 Mbps7
198Murrhardt370.14 Mbps6.11—40.47 Mbps9.3 Mbps4
199Reichenbach an der Fils827.32 Mbps7.12—33.94 Mbps9.3 Mbps4
200Waiblingen862.12 Mbps6.45—62.37 Mbps8.69 Mbps7
201Mundelsheim160.82 Mbps5.8—24.27 Mbps8.43 Mbps4
202Bohmenkirch350.1 Mbps4.88—26.62 Mbps8.28 Mbps4
203Wolfschlugen467.13 Mbps5.72—23.89 Mbps7.87 Mbps5
204Neunheim428.77 Mbps4.83—30.91 Mbps7.69 Mbps6
205Kupferzell214.96 Mbps5.38—19.12 Mbps7.33 Mbps4
206Unterlenningen318.27 Mbps5.5—27.2 Mbps7.15 Mbps4
207Neuhausen auf den Fildern457.84 Mbps5.04—15.83 Mbps6.74 Mbps6
208Benningen am Neckar472.42 Mbps2.2—32.82 Mbps4.41 Mbps4
209Schwäbisch Hall183.06 Mbps2.42—11.63 Mbps3.86 Mbps1
210Bad Uberkingen424.88 Mbps2.31—8.47 Mbps3.79 Mbps2

Frequently Asked Questions about Internet Providers in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart

Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart has 51 ISPs available.
Deutsche Telekom is the fastest provider in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart with 930.75 Mbps, and an average speed range of 11.81—53.53 Mbps.
Users in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart see an average internet speed of 14.14 up to 71.17 Mbps, and the fastest speed we've seen is 930.75 Mbps.
Liberty Global is available in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, and the fastest speed we've seen from them is 927.64 Mbps.
Deutsche Telekom is available in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, and the fastest speed we've seen from them is 930.75 Mbps.
Vodafone is available in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, and the fastest speed we've seen from them is 862.84 Mbps.
The provider with the most users in Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart is Liberty Global.

Last updated: 27 May 2020